List of primates and apes with mountain gorillas, chimpanzees and monkeys which can be encountered in Uganda, several of primate species visitors in the Pearl of Africa can track for experiential happenstances on their safari to different forest and savannahs parks. In every protected area of Uganda there are chances of encountering the at least three primate species.
The natural biodiversity of the pearl of Africa including varying vegetation dominated by tropical rain forest and the savanna shelter numbers of primate species which some are endemic to certain forests. Some common primate forests of Uganda include the Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga gorilla forest are known for the famous mountain gorillas, Kibale forest, Budongo forest are premier for chimpanzees, other forest like Buhoma, Mabira and many forest reserves are common sighting of several primate species.
Endemic species to the great western Albertine rift valley in areas of Bwindi impenetrable national park and Virunga conservation areas including Mgahinga gorilla park in Uganda. The mountain gorillas are the known as physically largest primate species and tops the list of attraction in Uganda, the most safari adventure that no visitor in the country would wish to miss on their travel list in Uganda. Gorillas live in families of unlimited members which are led by lead by the dominate silverback, they make nest each diurnal to spend their night whenever the night gets them.
Mountain gorillas are the world most endangered species and the world has about 1000 mountain gorillas where Uganda shares almost half of the population in the two gorilla parks. Uganda has about 20 habituated gorilla families meaning 160 trekking permits available daily. To encounter the mountain gorillas, a single permit to trek cost US$600 but the price is to rise to US$700 come July 2020. Due to competitiveness of the activities it’s advisable to book your gorilla permit in advance through at least three month before your probable date for the gorilla safari.
Mountain gorillas are very conscious to nature that they can’t be kept in zoo. Scientifically it has been found that mountain gorillas share about 98% of human DNA. However the gorillas have a very weak immune system that even a simple cold cough can cause their death. There is a gorilla trekking etiquette set by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) to ensure safety of the gorillas from trekkers.
The second large primates after the mountain gorillas, in Uganda there different destination where you can encounter chimpanzees and Kibale national park premier the chimps tracking destinations which is estimated to have about 1500 population and other 13 primate species found here. Chimpanzee tracking adventure is most likely to gorilla adventures always combined safaris and sometimes an alternative to visitors who can’t afford the cost of gorilla permit.
Uganda has about 5000 chimpanzees that can be tracked in altered forests where they are found, in Uganda you can have an hour with the chimps or spend four hours for the habituation process. These primate are very prominent creatures together with the mountain gorilla and most popular African adventures.
The endangered species endemic to Albertine rift valley regions of the Virunga conservation. In Uganda golden monkeys are only found in the rolling bamboos of Mgahinga gorilla national park and here golden monkeys co-exist with the mountain gorillas. Baptizing Mgahinga gorilla national park where the silver meets with gold, encountering golden monkeys living in harmony with the silverbacks.
Mgahinga has two habituated golden monkey families for trekking and here trackers can involve in the shorter tracking experience or the longer hours experiential tracking adventure. Trekker visiting the park have a golden chance to trekker the gorilla little cousins co-existing in the jungle.
The olive baboons are quit common primate species that can be encountered in most of the rainforest, olive baboons also known as anibus baboons are the third larger primate species most ranging and is found in 25 countries and in east Africa can be encountered in Uganda, Tanzania. Olive baboon is the common seen among all primates in Uganda rainforests of Mgahinga, Bwindi, Kibale, Kyambura, the slopes of Rwenzori Mountains and almost in all national parks and some game reserves.
The black and greyish monkeys with a shaggy appearance always inhabit in the low altitude rainforests. Uganda has two types of mongabey including grey cheeked Mangebay (Lalbigena) and Ugandan Mangebay, The Ugandan Mangebay species (lophocebus Ugandae) one of the world old specie endemic in Uganda only.
Mangebay in Uganda can be encountered in the forest of Kibale national park, Semuliki national park and Mabira forest. Uganda Mangebay are being habituated for tracking and one the attractive activity to do at Mabira forest Uganda’s known biggest forest reserve.
Colobus monkeys is subdivided into two including the black and white colobus monkey.
The red tailed monkeys locally known as (engeya). They have a red tail and red caped hairy with black face. It’s named red tailed monkey after its red colored tail also characterized with white nose, these primate the male can fight restless to defend their families against any intuders.
The black and white colobus monkeys is one primate species with no thumbs and this makes them vulnerable to accidents especially during high jumping. The babies are born white and change within the period of three month, the monkeys can be located along the forest edges as they seek for their most preferred young leaves. The species is one of the most common primate found in Uganda.
Also known as the mountain monkeys (cercopithecus lhoesti), largely found in the mountains Albertine rift valleys. This monkey specie rarely found and can encountered in the forest of KIbale and the mountainous forest of southwestern Uganda and they prefer to reside in think forest of the montane areas. They live in groups, very shy species, they were listed on the IUCN of Vulnerable species.
Also known as wadi monkey or husser monkey (Erythrocebus patas) known for residing in the semi-arid places of western Africa and east Africa. The species live in troops of about 30 individuals and are commonly living in the savannah park of Uganda including Kidepo valley national parks, pian Upe and Murchison falls national park.
Sometimes called the tree or bush bears (perodicticus potto) they are nocturnal tree dwellers which are softly slowly moving African tropical primate. The primate is thought of being so sensitive to potential predators and when comes across one of them they stuck their heads in their hands. The primate can encountered in the forests Bwindi Impenetrable national park and Queen Elizabeth national park.
The blue monkey
They are also referred to as the cercopithecus mitis belong to the ancestry world old monkey found in the east and western section of Africa. It’s among the impressive African monkeys to watch when on a Uganda adventure.
The blue monkeys in Uganda are not all that blue as the name states only covered on the face with blue like hair but are grey or olive hairy covered, the male can weigh to about 8kg and females are lighter to about 4kg and in Uganda blue monkeys are more appealable at Kibale national park.